Document Type Conference Paper Authors Document ID SPE-49004-MS Source SPE Annual Technical Conference and Exhibition, 27-30 September, New Orleans, Louisiana Publication Date 1998 Publisher Language English DOI ISBN Copyright 1998. Society of Petroleum Engineers Downloads 1 in the last 30 days 337 since 2007
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This paper presents a new methodology for constraining 3-D stochastic reservoir models to well and historical production data. Based on the inversion framework, this methodology is mainly composed of a new algorithm for gradually deforming continuous geostatistical models and of an efficient optimization algorithm. The gradual deformation algorithm generates a process of realizations which evolve smoothly while preserving the overall statistical characteristics of the stochastic model. Deformation control by a limited number of parameters improves the efficiency of the process. In comparison with other approaches, the number of iterations is significantly reduced.
The deformation procedure can be coupled with an optimization algorithm to obtain automatic history matching capability. The inversion of several model parameters and the gradual selection of a new constrained realization can be performed simultaneously. The analytical gradient method as well as approximated gradients are used to improve the convergence rate of the procedure.
The successful application to a 3-D synthetic case, derived from an actual field case, is described in the paper. The shape of the top structure of the reservoir and the activity coefficient of an aquifer are simultaneously constrained to the historical data recorded for 5 wells. The structural uncertainties are described by a geostatistical model. The definition of the top structure is improved by gradual deformation to ensure the geostatistical consistency of the model during the match of production data. An interference well test case is also presented to illustrate the decrease in uncertainties obtained by integrating a geological description and pressure data.
Anything new about stirling engines in Cal?
Looking for an update. Everything I find from google news is almost a year old. This is from the stirling engine deal with Southern Edison to build a 500MW plant outside of LA.
What geographical areas are best suited for a solar dish farm?
The southwest region of the United States is ideally suited for this. In fact, a solar farm 100 miles by 100 miles could satisfy 100% of the Americaâs annual electrical needs. Solar technology primarily addresses the peak power demands facing utility companies in the Southwest U.S. and other solar-rich areas.
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4,000 Year Old Greenlander
WASHINGTON (Reuters) â Scientists have sequenced the DNA from four frozen hairs of a Greenlander who died 4,000 years ago in a study they say takes genetic technology into several new realms.
Surprisingly, the long-dead man appears to have originated in Siberia and is unrelated to modern Greenlanders, Morten Rasmussen of the University of Copenhagen and colleagues found.
"This provides evidence for a migration from Siberia into the New World some 5,500 years ago, independent of that giving rise to the modern Native Americans and Inuit," the researchers wrote in Thursday's issue of the journal Nature