Cartography and geography degree programs include the study and recording of the earth's surface. During the course of these programs, students learn through lectures and hands-on training. Upon graduation, an individual may find work as a geographer, cartographer or surveyor.
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According to the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS), geographers study the features of land and are commonly grouped into two categories, physical and cultural (www.bls.gov). There are many specialties within these two categories, such as economic, political and medical geographers. The Association of American Geographers defines physical geography as the study of patterns in land formation and climates, while cultural or human geographers study spatial aspects related to humans (www.aag.org). These professionals may work for government organizations, non-profits or private business.
Career Outlook and Salary Information
The BLS indicates that employment opportunities for geographers were expected to increase by 35% from 2010-2020; although this is much faster than average, the small size of this career field may limit the actual number of openings. Professional certifications offered by nationally recognized organizations, such as the Geographic Information Systems Certification Institute (GISCI), may help with employment. The GISCI states that individuals who become certified will have their expertise documented and may earn a higher salary (www.gisci.org). In May 2012, the BLS reported that the average annual salary for geographers was $74, 020. The scientific research and development industry was the highest-paying employer, with an average salary of $92, 630.
The BLS defines cartographers as the professionals who convert measurements and other data into maps. They make maps in a variety of formats, and increasingly use digital techniques to produce more technical and realistic representations. Photogrammetrists specialize in using aerial photographs to make maps. In addition to producing maps, cartographers may work in geographical, land use and demographic research. The BLS indicates that some states have professional licensing standards for cartographers and photogrammetrists.
Because of our ancestral cultural backgrounds are POC more likely to have a mistrust of technology?
Is it different for different POC cultural or geographical groups?
Do POC feel that we need to embrace technology completely and find ways to compete in the technologically advanced world that has been created.
Are white people more likely to trust technology as the answer to present and future problems than POC?
You are confusing technology making people's
with technology making PEOPLE better
MAN still does the same stupid stuff he did when he lived in caves...he still hates, he still is violent, he still murders, he still rapes, he still envies...the only difference now is technology allows him to do his dirt quicker, more efficiently, and over a wider geographical area