Geographic Names Information System database

The (GNIS) is a database that contains name and locative information about more than two million physical and cultural features located throughout the United States of America and its territories. It is a type of gazetteer. GNIS was developed by the United States Geological Survey in cooperation with the United States Board on Geographic Names (BGN) to promote the standardization of feature names.

The database is part of a system that includes topographic map names and bibliographic references. The names of books and historic maps that confirm the feature or place name are cited. Variant names, alternatives to official federal names for a feature, are also recorded. Each feature receives a permanent, unique feature record identifier, sometimes called the GNIS identifier. The database never removes an entry, "except in cases of obvious duplication."

Name changes[edit]

The GNIS accepts proposals for new or changed names for U.S. geographical features. The general public can make proposals at the GNIS web site and can review the justifications and supporters of the proposals.

Other authorities[edit]

  • The Bureau of the Census defines Census Designated Places as a subset of locations in the National Geographic Names Database.
  • Jouris, David, All Over The Map, (Berkeley, California: Ten Speed Press, 1994.) ISBN 0-89815-649-1
  • Report: "Countries, Dependencies, Areas of Special Sovereignty, and Their Principal Administrative Divisions, " Federal Information Processing Standards, FIPS 10-4. Standard was withdrawn in September 2008, See Federal Register Notice: Vol. 73, No. 170, page 51276 (September 2, 2008)
  • Report: "Principles, Policies, and Procedures: Domestic Geographic Names, " U.S. Board on Geographic Names, 1997.
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I graduated in applied math

by MarkTJS

Waste of a degree for directly finding a job (unless you're smart and unlazy -- I'm neither), but employers seemed to like the fact that I had the analytical foundation.
You can do programming (I'm a db programmer) or analysis, but it's best to get some experience in a particular field. A math degree alone isn't as good as a math degree with statistics, economics, accounting, business, biology (bioinformatics) for most of the jobs out there.
If I could do it all over again, I'd skip the applied math (physics), and do straight math with a minor in statistics. Then I would have learned some SAS.

What's more valuable in computer industry?bioinf

by Jibberboosh

I will be attending a new university [UCSC] starting this fall and since I have only 2 years left for my bachelors I need to come up with a game plan. Basically, it’s between getting a degree in computer science with a minor in bioinformatics, OR getting a degree in c.s. and then going straight for master. What do you think is valued more by the employers? If I go for the masters what concentration would be the best? I was thinking either system programming or multimedia. Same thing with a minor, what is in demand right now?
P.S. I know there are a lot of people who believe the computer science field is dead and all jobs are getting shipped off to India; assume that I’m not changing my major, simply because I’m a die-hard computer geek.
Thank you in advance.

And a cheesespread too!

by laserfrog

In practice, biotech jobs mostly involve the transfer of small volumes of water containing minor chemical contaminants precisely and accurately from one container into another.
Such jobs may also involve computer use and programming, public speaking, the reading and interpretation of research literature, writing, and the babysitting of electronic equipment and other hardware. A history degree could be good intellectual groundwork for a career in this field, given that 'biotech' grows out of the exploration of organisms that are essentially the outcomes and living records of millions of years of trial and error historical-biological events

Ligonier Borough complies with directional sign mandate  — Tribune-Review
Although Geographic Information Systems mapping of the borough pinpoints all directional signs, it does not include all data needed to comply with the program. “They want to see off-sets, heights, directions, locations, all kinds of stuff,” Faas said.

Popular Q&A

What is an enterprise database and how does it work with Geographic Information Systems GIS

A database of information that be accessed by many individuals or a network for the use of editing, creating, and manipulating data and information. In GIS, an enterprise database schema is used to distribute and maintain geographic data in the same way.

What is Geographic Information System?

A computer application used to store, view, and analyze geographical information, especially maps.

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